[Solved] “Where there is righteousness in the heart, there is beauty in the character. When there is beauty in the character, there is harmony in the home. When there isharmony in the home, there is order in the nation. When there is order in the nation, there is peace in the world.” – A.P.J. Abdul Kalam ( UPSC GS-4 Mains 2019)

[Solved]  “Where there is righteousness in the heart, there is beauty in the character. When there is beauty in the character, there is harmony in the home. When there isharmony in the home, there is order in the nation. When there is order in the nation, there is peace in the world.” – A.P.J. Abdul Kalam  ( UPSC GS-4 Mains  2019)

To me, this quote basically means that it is individual moral conduct that determines what kind of world we make. Socrates argues that state is individual writ large. It is also said that people make institutions and institutions build nations. Elsewhere, we have seen that states are not moral agents but humans are. What these statements together indicate that the unit of our world is ultimately individual and his moral conduct.

 Rather than giving speeches about grand changes that should come in world, one should work on his moral framework. That will pass on to next generation through socialization. A society or community will uphold the values that each family constituting it upholds. This is because ethics helps build relationships. A society with good value system will elect such government. That government will be accountable to people and make appropriate policies. Amartya Sen argues that in a democracy, people get the government they deserve. This way, we can realize that ultimate values guiding our civilization at a particular time will be average of what majority of individuals feel strongly about. If people are largely honest, as in Japan, its politics will be in accordance. It people are corrupt, it will also get reflected in all institutions.

 Hence, Gandhi said that be the change you want to see in the world

 A.P.J Abdul Kalam had highlighted the importance of quality of righteousness through this quote and had given a beautiful connectivity between heart, character, nation and the world.

 Righteousness is the quality of being morally right and justifiable which forms the basis for any peaceful and prosperous society. Every religion focuses on the quality of righteousness as a means to an end.

 For example: In Hindu mythologies and texts, the path of righteousness i.e dharma is regarded as the ideal path or ultimate duty of every human being.

 By the above quote, he lays down the path for enabling peace in a society. By focusing on individual rejuvenation as the locus of all activity, he aims to reform and integrate the whole society.

 For example: In the 3rd century BC, Ashoka promoted the code of Dhamma in his empire, which was the set ideal social behaviour for promoting peace and enabling prosperity in the kingdom.

 The contemporary society has been seen digressing from the path of righteous behaviour and has shown more inclination toward the materialistic way of life, which has led to the eruption of several social and societal problems.

 If individuals follow the righteous path, they are more likely to spread happiness to others and succeed in their personal endeavours and will contribute to the upliftment of their household status, which indirectly will contribute to the happiness and upliftment of whole society, and then many social problems like crime, corruption, mob lynching etc can be eliminated from the society.

 Similarly, the more prosperous society will contribute to a more prosperous nation.

 For example: Terrorism has beacame a severe menace in many West Asian countries and threatening the safety and security of whole world. Focus on enabling the order of righteous path in these nations will contribute to maintaining peace in the whole world.

 Righteousness in multiple dimensions in the society with the indomitable spirit is essential for realizing the vision of “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam”.

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