The United States intends to send Afghanistan evacuees who fail to clear initial screenings to Kosovo, which has agreed to house them for up to a year for additional processing, a US official told The Associated Press on Saturday.
The US plan is likely to face objections from refugee advocates, who already complain of a lack of public disclosure and uncertain legal jurisdiction in the Biden administration’s use of overseas transit sites to screen many of roughly 120,000 Afghans, Americans and others evacuated from Taliban-held Afghanistan.
The US official spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss the plan. It was the first disclosure of what the US intends to do for Afghans or other evacuees who have failed to clear initial rounds of screening or whose cases otherwise require more time.
Other countries have been reluctant to take evacuees who may pose security problems off US hands.
Most Afghan evacuees are clearing processing in a matter of days at large transit sites that US government employees set up quickly at military bases in Qatar, Germany and Italy, along with smaller sites elsewhere. Those evacuees then fly through Philadelphia or Washington Dulles airports for resettling in the United States.
Other US officials have said they expect most or all Afghans whose cases may initially raise red flags or questions to pass further screening.
The US official said the transit centers “provide a safe place for diverse groups … to complete their paperwork while we conduct security screenings before they continue to their final destination in the United States or in another country.”
The US will use a military camp, Bondsteel, that houses the US army near the Kosovo capital for the further screening and processing of evacuees intended for resettlement in the United States, the US official said.
A site down the road that formerly housed road crews will temporarily house evacuees bound for other NATO countries, under NATO’s management and care, the official said.
Germany and Italy each have set time limits of no more than two weeks for US processing of any one evacuee on their soil.
Muslim-majority Kosovo considers itself a close ally of the United States since the US spearheaded a NATO air campaign against Serbian forces brutalizing Kosovo civilians in 1999. Its leaders have agreed to one-year stays for the evacuees, with a possibility of extensions.
Refugee organizations say the US hasn’t been open or efficient in its treatment of evacuees at overseas transit centers.
“There’s just a staggering lack of transparency from the administration about what is happening, who is there … who to contact if there are issues” for evacuees at the sites, said Adam Bates, an attorney with the International Refugee Assistance Project, one of the main US refugee working with with Afghans seeking escape from the Taliban.
He spoke before the Biden administration disclosed its plans for the Kosovo site.