After postponing UPSC mains, and with due precautionary measures UPSC conducted mains examination. The Union Public Service Commission conducts recruitment tests for various categories of Group A and few Group B posts in the Indian government every year. The most prestigious and the most competitive exam conducted by the UPSC is the Civil Services Examination.

The pattern of UPSC Civil Service Exam 2020:

  1. UPSC CSE (Preliminary) – October 4, 2020
  2. UPSC CSE (Main) – January 8, 2021, onwards
  3. IAS Interview/ UPSC Personality Test

This article covers, in-depth, the written stage of the Civil Services exam i.e. UPSC Mains for the year 2020.

Download UPSC Mains 2019 Question Papers from the linked article.

Latest Update about Mains 2020

  • UPSC Mains Admit Card 2020 Released on 17th December. Learn the important instructions to be followed during the CSE Mains exams and download the UPSC Admit Card 2021 in the linked article.
  • UPSC Mains Time Table 2020 Released on 6th November – Civil Services Mains Examination 2020 is going to start from 8th January 2021 onward against the earlier date of 18th September 2020.
  1. Explain intra-generational and inter-generational issues of equity from the perspective of inclusive growth and sustainable development. (Answer in 150 words)10
  2. Define potential GDP and explain its determinants. What are the factors that have been inhibiting India from realizing its potential GDP? (Answer in 150 words)10
  3. What are the main constraints in the transport and marketing of agricultural produce in India? (Answer in 150 words)10
  4. What are the challenges and opportunities of the food processing sector in the country? How can the income of the farmers be substantially increased by encouraging food processing? (Answer in 150 words)10
  5. What do you understand by nanotechnology and how is it helping in the health sector? (Answer in 150 words)10   
  6. How is science interwoven deeply with our lives? What are the striking changes in agriculture triggered off by science-based technologies? (Answer in 150 words)10
  7. How does the draft Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) Notification, 2020 differ from the existing EIA Notification, 2006? (Answer in 150 words)10     
  8. What are the salient features of the Jal Shakti Abhiyan launched by the Government of India for water conservation and water security? (Answer in 150 words)10
  9. Discuss different types of cybercrimes and measures required to be taken to fight the menace. (Answer in 150 words)10     
  10. For effective border area management, discuss the steps required to be taken to deny local support to militants and also suggest ways to manage favorable perception among locals. (Answer in 150 words)10
  11. Explain the meaning of investment in an economy in terms of capital formation. Discuss the factors to be considered while designing a concession agreement between a public entity and a private entity. (Answer in 250 words) 15      
  12. Explain the rationale behind the Goods and Services Tax (Compensation to States) Act of 2017. How has COVID-19 impacted the GST compensation fund and created new federal tensions? (Answer in 250 words) 15
  13. What are the major factors responsible for making the rice-wheat system a success? In spite of this success, how has this system become a bane in India? (Answer in 250 words) 15
  14. Suggest measures to improve water storage and irrigation system to make its judicious use under depleting scenario. (Answer in 250 words) 15
  15. COVID-19 pandemic has caused unprecedented devastation worldwide. However, technological advancements are being availed readily to win over the crisis. Give an account of how technology was sought to aid the management of the pandemic. (Answer in 250 words) 15
  16. Describe the benefits of deriving electric energy from sunlight in contrast to conventional energy generation. What are the initiatives offered by our Government for this purpose? (Answer in 250 words) 15
  17. What are the key features of the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) initiated by the Government of India? (Answer in 250 words) 15                                                            
  18. Discuss the recent measures initiated in disaster management by the Government of India departing from the earlier reactive approach. (Answer in 250 words) 15                                    
  19. What are the determinants of left-wing extremism in the Eastern part of India? What strategy should the Government of India, civil administration, and security forces adopt to counter the threat in the affected areas? (Answer in 250 words) 15                                                
  20. Analyse internal security threats and transborder crimes along Myanmar, Bangladesh, and Pakistan borders including Line of Control (LoC). Also, discuss the role played by various security forces in this regard. (Answer in 250 words) 15

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