Swachh Vidyalaya Abhiyan – UPSC

Swachh Vidyalaya Abhiyan : Swachh Vidyalaya is the national campaign driving ‘Clean India: Clean Schools’. A key feature of the campaign is to ensure that every school in India has a set of functioning and well maintained water, sanitation and hygiene facilities.

Water, sanitation and hygiene in schools refers to a combination of technical and human development components that are necessary to produce a healthy school environment and to develop or support appropriate health and hygiene behaviours.

The technical components include drinking water, handwashing,toilet and soap facilities in the school compound for use by children and teachers. The human development components are the activities that promote conditions within the school and the practices of children that help to prevent water, hygiene and sanitation related diseases.Launched in 2014.


Aim: to meet the Right to Education Act’s mandate that all schools must have separate toilets for
boys and girls.


Central public sector enterprises (CPSEs) were roped in to implement the program.
● The programme norms require the CPSEs to build toilets with running water and hand
washing facilities.
● It also requires CPSEs to maintain the toilets for three to five years while charging the
annual expenses to their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) budgets.
Why in News?
Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) recently submitted a report on the performance
of this program.


Key Highlights of Swachh Vidyalaya Abhiyan
● Public sector units claimed to have constructed 1.4 lakh toilets in government schools as
part of a Right to Education project, but almost 40% of those surveyed were found to be
non-existent, partially constructed, or unused.
● Over 70% did not have running water facilities in the toilets, while 75% were not being
maintained hygienically.
● The objective of providing separate toilets for boys and girls was not fulfilled in 27% of the
schools said the CAG.

For solved

UPSC ESSAYS click here

GS Paper 1 click here


Gs Paper 2 click here

Gs paper 3 click here

GS paper 4 click here

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