[Anaysis]On Sure power: Energy Security and India’s solar strategy

Energy Security

Need for Solar energy

Energy Security: India energy needs is largely fulfilled by non-renewable supply of energy

Environmental Sustainability: India’s large portion of energy requirement is fulfilled by renewable energy largely determined by fossil fuels that cause pollution. Solar power is a clean form of energy source, which is a substitute.
India being a Tropical nation, there is an abundance of free solar energy in just about all parts of the country.

Changed Developmental Strategy: solar power is being seen as a route for self-reliant industrialization

Green energy in a rural area -  This is vital for Agri — company in farms for conducting irrigation, greenhouses, and harvest and hay dryers, which makes agriculture threat — free.
Challenges w.r.t growing Solar Energy

Low national cell production capacity at 3.1 GW last year
Heavy reliance on China for importing of photovoltaic cells, modules and related equipment

Projected inclusion of capacity at a COVID-19 affected future could fall short of stated goals (100 GW by 2022)

India’s domestic content requirement clause is facing a legal challenge in WTO.

Land availability in India for solar plant is less because of high population density.

India’s solar waste is estimated to be approximately 1.8 million by 2050 also has to be tackled for energy Security

Challenges Concerning importing critical raw materials like polysilicon
The government should make solar energy a strategic business, giving it as much significance as a defence.

India should show leadership at the international level to progress the absorption and manufacture of solar photovoltaic infrastructure in low- and middle-income nations. 

There’s to integrated policies entirely supported by States where Industry will get help to prepare facilities and avail low-cost funding
India also needs to have the ability to invest in intellectual property.

There must be quicker adoption of Innovative technology – decorative photovoltaic window and roof tiles for buildings.

A decentralized approach will be appropriate to the Indian landscape and there needs to be greater utilization of residential and industrial buildings to deploy more panels.

India requires a Solar Waste Management and Manufacturing Standards Policy.


Rapid progress calls for a strategic shift to help competitive domestic production.

Gs paper 3 here

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