[SOLVED ESSAY] There Can Be No Social Justice Without Economic Prosperity But Economic Prosperity Without Social Justice Is Meaningless -UPSC

We live in close knit communities where people have some sort of professional relationship with one another. We choose to do business with certain types of people who have proven values, integrity and a good reputation. We feel a sense of belonging to this society, as we always try to abide by the rules and regulations of the organizations to which we belong and are connected too. This helps in minimizing confusion.

They aim to diminish social barriers and promote societal programs and policies that enable everyone to emerge as a masterful person. They want to be in charge of the creation of an atmosphere that makes people fit in their habitat and helps others grow rich.

It is not economic prosperity, but the restriction of wealth in the hands of a few people. If economic prosperity is confined to a few hands, if it exists for the sake of the individual, then it is prosperity, and if it is confined to a few houses, a few families, or a few influences and a few class categories, then it is social justice. The danger associated with economic prosperity is that it will be exploited, that it will be abused by people who are able to exert influence and get away with political intervention.

There can be no social justice without economic prosperity, but economic prosperity without social justice is meaningless. Social justice is the view that everyone deserves equal economic, political and social rights and opportunities. It is the relationship and balance between individuals and society, measured by comparing the distribution of wealth, differences in personal freedom, and fair privileges and opportunities for all.

Social justice and economic growth go hand in hand, but one cannot be inclusive without the other. Our thinking about social justice should focus back on work, because work is the only way to get people below the poverty line and give them the chance to be partners in solutions. Companies need to grow at a normal pace to provide equal opportunities for their workers.

Our rulers are aware of this reality, but they are not prepared to fight for social justice. In the short term, it is too risky and goes against the norms of the culture to which they are accustomed. Our Constitution is based on the principle of social justice, but the criminal laws are applied to the powerless, while the powerful are allowed to break them with impunity.

Land and property rights for women are seen as an important way to address underlying economic, social and political inequalities. Taking into account land claims has been shown to improve productivity, access to credit, increase income, and promote social and economic investment in land, property, education, health, and other income-generating activities. For more information, see the Access to Justice, Human Rights, Gender and Social Exclusion section of the CSDR’s Justice Topics Guide.

A defining feature of India’s first independent government’s economic program was to accelerate the transition to a modern, industrial-dominated economy. Agriculture and related activities accounted for about half of gross domestic product (GDP) at the time, while modern industry, in the form of factories, accounted for about 6%. Manufacturing’s contribution to employment in India was expected to be dismal.

There are two main factors responsible for the deficit compared to the target in India. One of these is the failure to expand the mass market for manufacturing, and the appropriate measure is to implement land reform to increase the incomes of the majority of the agricultural population. We give an overview of current debates on the theory of distributional justice in political philosophy

The caste system is a form of social stratification that puts members of specific castes in a hierarchy of groups. The caste system’s founder, the Indian philosopher Manusmriti, preached the inherent inequality of castes.  The stereotyping of women’s role as a caregiver, inhibit her participation in the workforce. As a result, women participation in the workforce is only 25% against 83% for men. Also, there exists an inequality in the wage payment as men earn 20% more than women globally

The economic progress worldwide is unequal as it has lead to concentration of wealth among the few while majority is deprived. This creates a world of “have” and “have-nots”. Poor nations, therefore , witness mass deprivation of basic needs. Social injustice and social conflicts are regularly witnessed in such nations. The question is ” are these conflicts restricted within the boundary of these nations?” The answer is “No”. As Martin Luther King Jr says ” Injustice anywhere is threat to justice everywhere”. Pandemics like Ebola and Zika sourced from Africa threaten the very existence of mankind.

Terrorist like ISIS operating in Syria threaten the internal security of many nations. Even the present day COVID-19 reflects this fact. The inability of poor to access nutrition and health facilities has been a major factor in its spread.


In big cities, the existence of posh colonies adjacent to slums reflect this concept. The tech driven world has further added to the inequality. Majority of unskilled workers find themselves unemployed. The decimal women participation in STEM streams have exacerbated the gender inequalities. This has perpetuated in the form of increase in crimes, protests and unrest in the society. It has posed a threat to the law and order situation, hindering the economic prospect of the nations.

From the above discussion, it can be concluded that there is a cyclical relation between social justice and economic prosperity. A prosperous nation that invests in social purpose is countercyclically benefitted by availability of highly skilled workforce which contributes to further economic development. On the other hand, if a nation doesnot invest ins social aspects, the inequality and discontent in tht nation become the cause of its own destruction
Indian Government taking all these measures into consideration has invested heavily in schemes like Jan Dhan Yojan( for financial inclusion), Ayushman Bharat, Sarva Siksha Abhiyaan etc. These schemes will create human capital which will take the nation to new heights. It will he helpful in achieving the target of $5trillion economy

The importance of social justice in tandem with economic prosperity is a means through which people can realise civil and political rights, which are directly related to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Economic, social, and cultural rights are derived from the need for social security, work and living standard. Finally, the right to economic and social development is more aptly explained as a way of achieving self-determination.

When economic prosperity shows a reflection of social justice, people experience a long period of peace. During this period, the gap between wealthy and poor narrows sharply. Regulations are justified and outcome-based, which means people dislike arbitrary restrictions on their choices and actions. Above all, they consider themselves to be respected members of society who receive appropriate respect from others in return.

For solved

UPSC ESSAYS click here

GS Paper 1 click here


Gs Paper 2 click here

Gs paper 3 click here

GS paper 4 click here

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: