Rise of artificial intelligence: the threat of jobless future or better job opportunities through reskilling and upskilling-UPSC Essay 2019

The first industrial revolution used the energy of water and steam to mechanize production. The second is to use electrical energy for mass production. The third uses electronics and information technology to automate production. Today, the world is on the verge of the fourth industrial revolution, which will use artificial intelligence (AI) and big data analysis to make machines the master of the entire production process. The three industrial revolutions reduced job opportunities in the world and concentrated the wealth of the world in the hands of a few people. The fourth point will further accelerate this process and reduce the degree of financial inclusion. Many scientists worry that the Fourth Industrial Revolution will have a serious impact on humans. According to Bill Gates, when machines will be super-intelligent and humans cannot control them, it has the ability to end civilization.

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