Project Swastik Technology -UPSC NOTES (Prelims and Mains)

Project Swastik Technology -UPSC NOTES (Prelims and Mains)

Swastik Technology: Modern technology and Indian traditional knowledge of Ayurveda have been combined for a solution to disinfect water completely and also offer possible health benefits of natural oils. Disinfection of water is essential for removing pathogenic microorganisms that are responsible for causing a number of water-borne diseases.

  • However, the common drawbacks of chemical methods such as chlorination include formation of harmful/ carcinogenic disinfection by-products.
  • Therefore, it is pertinent to develop technology that provides safe and healthy drinking water at low cost with substantial ease of operation, scale-up, and without harmful disinfection by-products.
  • Scientists, Dr. VM Bhandari and his group at CSIR-NCL Pune, with support from the Water Technology Initiative of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, has developed the novel hybrid technology called SWASTIIK’ that involves boiling of a liquid as a result of pressure reduction (cavitation) and also uses natural oils having antimicrobial properties.
  • This technology can eliminate harmful bacteria, including antimicrobial-resistant bacteria, economically.
  • It not only integrates Indian traditional knowledge of Ayurveda for complete disinfection of water but also may offer possible health benefits of natural oils.
  • The technique used —hydrodynamic cavitation combines chemistry, biology, and chemical engineering along with natural resources in the form of natural oils and plant extracts.
  • The process, which draws inspiration from Indian traditional knowledge, has resulted in increased efficiency and reduced cost of water treatment.
  • The team achieved complete elimination for gram-negative E. coli and gram-positive S. aureus bacteria and even AMR bacteria/ difficult opportunistic pathogenic bacteria typically in 5-10 minutes.
  • It was observed that increased rates of disinfection using oil can drastically reduce the time of operation and consequently reduce cost as compared to other advanced treatment processes.

 The novel strategy of SWASTIIK (Safe Water and Sustainable Technology Initiative from Indian Knowledgebase) can have significant benefits in terms of providing SAFE WATER and also possible health benefits that can also boost immunity, an important aspect as underlined in the current COVID-19 era.

 How SWASTIIK is different from existing methods?

 Disinfection of water is essential to remove pathogenic microorganisms that causes water-borne diseases. But, chemical methods like chlorination to disinfect water, generate harmful or carcinogenic by-products.

  • Thus, SWASTIIK technology was developed which boils liquid as a result of pressure reduction or cavitation. This method uses natural oils with antimicrobial properties to disinfect water.
  • Background
  • This technology was developed in backdrop of National Jal Jeevan Mission (NJJM) which recently issued an advisory for states and Union territories to monitor and survey water quality and ensure potable water amid rising covid-19 cases.

 About SWASTIIK Technology

 This method can eliminate harmful bacteria and antibiotic-resistant strains, economically. It integrates Indian traditional knowledge of Ayurveda to disinfect water and offer possible health benefits of natural oils. It uses hydrodynamic cavitation; combines chemistry, biology, & chemical engineering along with natural resources like natural oils & plant extracts to disinfect water. Thus, method has increased the efficiency and reduced cost of water treatment.

  • The technology is called SWASTIIK (Safe Water and Sustainable Technology Initiative from Indian Knowledgebase).
  • It provides safe and healthy drinking water at low cost with substantial ease of operation, scale-up, and without harmful disinfection by-products.
  • It is developed by scientists at CSIR-NCL Pune, with support from the Water Technology Initiative of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India.
  • The technique used hydrodynamic cavitation combines chemistry, biology, and chemical engineering along with natural resources in the form of natural oils and plant extracts.
  • The process, which draws inspiration from Indian traditional knowledge, has resulted in increased efficiency and reduced cost of water treatment.
  • The team achieved complete elimination for gram-negative E. coli and gram-positive S. aureus bacteria and even AMR bacteria/ difficult opportunistic pathogenic bacteria typically in 5-10 minutes.
  • It was observed that increased rates of disinfection using oil can drastically reduce the time of operation.

 further reading on Swastik Technology

 The Safe Water and Sustainable Technology Initiative from Indian Knowledgebase is a wealth of information on water purification options. It includes a list of innovations and well-tested technologies on water purification systems to fit individual circumstances and use different kinds of water sources. The Initiative is essentially a social movement towards the realization of safe water for all in India.

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