Section 66A of the IT Act – UPSC NOTES ( Prelims and Mains)   A background to Section 66A of the IT Act, 2000 Recently, the Supreme Court ruled in Shreya Singhal v. United States, repealing Section 66A of the Information Technology Act of 2000. The League of India called it “vague” and “unconstitutional” because … Read more

Background The Government Act of 1919 was not satisfactory at all and has less  provisions for the self-government form to be imposed in the country. There was a growing demand for constitutional reforms in India by Indian leaders. Indian politicians were frustrated at that time because they thought that the area they had officially control … Read more

Background The Government Act of 1919 was not satisfactory at all and has less  provisions for the self-government form to be imposed in the country. There was a growing demand for constitutional reforms in India by Indian leaders. Indian politicians were frustrated at that time because they thought that the area they had officially control … Read more

[Solved]What are the environmental implications of the reclamation of the water bodies into urban land use?Explain with examples.

Environmental implications: Recent flooding in Hyderabad, which was caused by reclamation of urban lakes and encroachment, has brought to light the significance of water bodies for a sustainable urban landscape. • In the 1960s, Bangalore had 262 lakes, but by 2021, there will be only 10 lakes remaining. • Ahmedabad: At least 137 lakes were … Read more

[Solved]Despite India being one of the countries of the Gondwanaland, its mining industry contributes much less to its Gross Domestic Product(GDP) in percentage. Discuss

India was part of Gondwanaland, southern half of the supercontinent Pangea. Rocks of the central Indian region like parts of Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, etc are known as Gondwana rocks. benefits of being country of Gondwana land; 1. High coal reserves for energy centric industries Example: Coal reserves in India are found in Bokaro, Singareni and … Read more

Differentiate the causes of landslides in the Himalayan region and Western Ghats. UPSC GS Paper 1 2021

Landslides are a major geomorphic process that shape the landscape. Landslides can be classified into two main types, viz. Mass movement and Flows in the Himalayan region. The Himalayan region is prone to both kinds of landslides. In general, the Himalayan region is prone to rock falls and debris movements, whereas the Western Ghats are … Read more

Assess the main administrative issues and socio-cultural problems in the integration process of Indian Princely States- UPSC 2021

Indian Princely States Since India’s independence in 1947, the process of integrating the Indian Princely States into the Republic of India has posed a number of administrative and socio-cultural problems. The integration of these states was seen as necessary to create a unified India, but it has been fraught with difficulties due to the various … Read more

[Solved]Trace the rise and growth of socio-religious reform movements with special reference to Young Bengal and Brahmo Samaj -UPSC

Many socio-religious reform movements started in India during the British rule.They were against social evils and superstitions.Their goal was to make changes in the society and to reform religion. The Brahmo Samaj was started by Raja Ram Mohan Roy in 1828 at Calcutta (Kolkata). It believed in one god and preached monotheism(belief in one god). … Read more

Bad Bank UPSC Notes (Prelims and Mains)

What exactly is a bad bank? A bad bank is a corporate entity in which problematic assets held by banks are segregated into a separate firm. It is formed to acquire non-performing assets (NPAs) from a bank at a price specified by the bad bank. What is a non-performing asset (NPA)? A non-performing asset (NPA) … Read more

Statue of Equality (Ramanujacharya) -UPSC Notes

Statue of Equality :Philosopher-saint Ramanujacharya (1017-1137), who lived in Tamil Nadu, was a proponent of the Vishishtadvaita school of Vedanta philosophy, and his philosophical writings remain immensely influential to this day. He was one of the most important saints of the Vaishnavite tradition, and his teachings were spread across India by his disciples and followers. … Read more