[Solved] One of the intended objectives of Union Budget 2017-18 is to ‘transform, energize and clean India’. Analyse the measures proposed in the Budget 2017-18 to achieve the objective ( UPSC GS-3 Mains 2017)
To “Transform, Energise and Clean” India, the Budget has adopted a multipronged approach and has given attention to all sectors of the economy with adequate thrust on rural development, agriculture, infrastructure, skill development, manufacturing and employment generation.
This agenda of TEC India seeks to
• Transform the quality of governance and quality of life of people;
• Energize various sections of society, especially the youth and the vulnerable, and enable them to unleash their true potential; and
• Clean the country from the evils of corruption, black money and non-transparent political funding.
Measures proposed to achieve this objective are-
• Agriculture credit allocation has been increased to Rs 10 lakh crore.
• To save the farmer from the natural calamities, target has been increased to cover 40 per cent of crop area under Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana and corpus under Long Term Irrigation Fund has been increased to Rs 40, 000 crores.
• MGNREGA has got the highest ever allocation of Rs 48, 000 crores
Education and Youth-
• Launch of Swayam with over 300 online courses and allocation of Rs 4, 000 crore to train the youth for market-oriented skills under Sankalp are aimed at making India the skill capital of the world Rural Development
• Mission Antyodaya proposes to pull out 1 crore people and 50000 Gram Panchayats out of poverty • Target of 100%village electrification by January, 2018
• Increasing the pace of the constructions of rural roads- the lifeline of villages, to 133 km per day under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana
• Piped water supply on priority basis to Open Defecation Free villages
• In a move to curb black money and cleanse the political system, a maximum limit of Rs 2000 per person has been set for receiving cash donations by political parties.
• Contributions above this limit can be made only in the form of cheques or digital payments or through electoral bonds.
• Allocation of Rs 1.3 Lakh crores for railways again, is the highest ever allocation for the national carrier with passenger safety; cleanliness and development works being the focus areas
• With a view to energise the real estate sector, “Infrastructure” status has been granted to the housing sector • Infrastructure has got the highest ever allocation of Rs 3.96 lakh crores.
• Abolishment of FIPB
• To promote the small entrepreneurs, rate of Corporate Income Tax has been reduced to 25 per cent for companies with turnover less than Rs 50 crore.
• Allocation of Rs 10, 000 crore for Bharat Net, launch of AADHAAR Pay, setting of special task force to address the cyber security concerns reiterate the Government’s commitment to transform the country into a digital economy.
- Taken together, the Budget 2017-18 reiterates the Government’s intentions to bring about greater transparency, reduce corruption and achieve faster economic growth and is a step further in this direction with something for everyone to smile.
- Budget in India is a socio-economic document that reflects the aims and aspirations of the government and people of India.
- The initiatives in the Budget 2017-18 can be discussed under following heads –
- Transforming India
- It concerns with those policies of the government that seek to transform the governance of the country and improve the quality of life of people.
- The budget has focused on upgrading the infrastructure of railways, roads, rivers, airports, telecommunications and energy sector. But railways in India need comprehensive reforms as it is evident from recurrent accidents in different parts of the country.
- Greater allocation for DeendayalAntyodaya Yojana is relevant in context of skilling India and reaping the benefits of demographic dividend in India.
- Rationalisation of tribunals is a positive step towards securing rule of law and effective delivery of justice.
- Tax administration is to be reformed through the strategy of RAPID (Revenue, Accountability, Probity, Information and Digitalisation). This strategy will help to plug tax avoidance at various levels and increase revenue of the government.
- Energizing India
- There is focus on uplifting the conditions of various sections of society especially the youth and the vulnerable.
- The conditions of farmers are to be improved through settling the arrears under the FasalBima Yojana, setting up Micro Irrigation Fund and widening the coverage of National Agricultural Market (e-NAM). However perishables are yet to be denotified from APMC acts by the states and model law to regulate contract farming has not come in public domain.
- Mission Antyodaya will be strengthened to bring one crore households out of poverty by 2017. But there are no effective measures to better target the beneficiaries under this scheme.
- Different initiatives for development of youth has been proposed such as SANKALP, next phase of STRIVE, extension of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendras etc. But to energize youth of the country, robust IT infrastructure is a necessity which is hampering the learning outcomes in schools, colleges and skill development schemes.
- Clean India
- It entails removing the evils of corruption, black-money and non-transparent political funding.
- Digital economy is being strengthened through initiatives like JAM trinity, BHIM app, Financial Inclusion Fund, Amending Negotiable Instruments Act etc. But not much has been done to protect the digital payments and transactions from cyber frauds and thefts and accessibility to computers or mobiles is limited to few.
- To bring transparency in the funding of political parties the limit of donation through cash has been fixed at Rs. 2000/- from one person and electoral bonds will also be issued in future.
- The budget envisions to ‘transform, energize and clean India’ but it will not be materialized unless there is effective implementation of policies. Therefore the institutions to execute policies must be rejuvenated and a sound mechanism for the monitoring and evaluation of policies should also be established.
In the union budget 2017 -18, the following measures were proposed :
Transform the quality of governance and quality of the life of people: for that promoting the digital economy, no transaction above 3L would be permitted in cash, exempting duty to POS card reader, government e- market place to procure goods and services for govt departments. Launch of GST. To rationalize the number of tribunals and merge the number of tribunals where ever possible. ,committed double the income of farmers in five years, providing employment and basic infrastructure for rural population effective governance and efficient service delivery through people’s participation.
Energizing various sections of society, especially the youth and the vulnerable enable them unleash their true potential through education and skill development and providing jobs. Govt wanted to launch two skill development schemes called sankalp and strive vocational training and industrial related training. Clean the country from the evils of corruption, black money and non-transparent political funding. Govt will bring a stringent law against the willful defaulters, maximum amount of donation, a political party can receive will be Rs.2000 from each person and introduction of electoral bonds in order to bring the transparency in electoral funding.
For latest Articles [Paper wise GS 1-4] and Solved papers[2010-2020] join us @ https://t.me/UPSCexamNotes1
UPSC ESSAYS click here
GS Paper 1 click here
Gs Paper 2 click here
Gs paper 3 click here
GS paper 4 click here
Sociology click here
Entertainment click here