National Digital Health Mission: It is a digital health ecosystem under which every Indian citizen will now have unique health IDs, digitized health records with identifiers for doctors and health facilities.
• The Mission is expected to bring efficiency and transparency in healthcare services in the
The ambitious National Digital Health Mission finds its roots in a 2018 Niti Aayog proposal to
create a centralized mechanism to uniquely identify every participating user in the National
• The scheme will come under the Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana.
- It comprises six key building blocks — HealthID, DigiDoctor, Health Facility Registry, Personal
Health Records, e-Pharmacy and Telemedicine.
- The National Health Authority has been given the mandate to design, build, roll-out and
implement the mission in the country.
- The core building blocks of the mission is that the health ID, DigiDoctor and Health Facility
The registry shall be owned, operated, and maintained by the Government of India.
- Private stakeholders will have an equal opportunity to integrate and create their own
products for the market. The core activities and verifications, however, remain with the
- Under the Mission, every Indian will get a Health ID card that will store all medical details of
the person including prescriptions, treatment, diagnostic reports and discharge summaries.
- The citizens will be able to give their doctors and health providers one-time access to this
data during visits to the hospital for consultation.
Way Forward : National Digital Health Mission
The NDHM still does not recognize ‘Health’ as a justiciable right. There should
be a push draft at making health a right, as prescribed in the draft National Health
One of the biggest concerns is regarding data security and privacy of patients.
It must be ensured that the health records of the patients remain entirely confidential
In addition, the failure of a similar National Health Service (NHS) in the
United Kingdom must be learnt lessons from and the technical and
implementation-related deficiencies must be proactively addressed prior to launching
the mission on a pan India scale.
The standardization of NDHM architecture across the country will need to find ways
to accommodate state-specific rules. It also needs to be in sync with
government schemes like Ayushman Bharat Yojana and other IT-enabled
schemes like Reproductive Child Health Care and NIKSHAY etc
UPSC ESSAYS click on on here
GS Paper 1 click on on here
Gs Paper 2 click on on here
Gs paper 3 click on on here
GS paper 4 click on on here