Mid-day meal scheme- UPSC

Mid-day meal scheme: The scheme guarantees one meal to all children in government and aided schools and madarsassupported under Samagra Shiksha.Students up to Class VIII are guaranteed one nutritional cooked meal at least 200 days in a year.


• It was launched in the year 1995 as the National Program of Nutritional Support to Primary
Education (NP – NSPE), a centrally sponsored scheme. In 2004, the scheme was relaunched as
the Mid Day Meal Scheme.

The MDM rules 2015, provide that:


• The place of serving meals to the children shall be school only.
• If the Mid-Day Meal is not provided in school on any school day due to non-availability of food
grains or any other reason, the State Government shall pay food security allowance by 15th
of the succeeding month.
• The meal shall be prepared in accordance with the Mid Day Meal guidelines issued by the
Central Government from time to time.
• Procuring AGMARK quality items for preparation of midday meals, tasting of meals by two
or three adult members of the school management committee, including at least one teacher,
before serving to children.
• The School Management Committee mandated under the Right to Free and Compulsory
Education Act, 2009 shall also monitor implementation of the Mid-day meal Scheme.
• The State Steering-cum Monitoring Committee (SSMC) shall oversee the implementation of
the scheme including the establishment of a mechanism for the maintenance of nutritional standards
and quality of meals.

Nutritional norms:

  1. In terms of calorie intake, as per the MDM guidelines, the children in primary schools must
    be provided with at least 450 calories with 12 grams of protein through MDM while the children
    in upper primary schools should get 700 calories with 20 grams of protein.
  2. The food intake per meal by the children of primary classes are 100 grams of food grains, 20
    grams of pulses, 50 grams of vegetables, and 5 grams of oils and fats. For the children of upper primary schools, the mandated breakup is 150 grams of food grains, 30 grams of pulses, 75 grams of vegetables and 7.5 grams of oils and fats.

Financing:
The cost of the MDMS is shared between the central and state governments.
• The central government provides free food grains to the states

The cost of cooking, infrastructure development, transportation of food grains, and payment
of honorarium to cooks and helpers is shared by the center with the state governments.

For solved

UPSC ESSAYS click here

GS Paper 1 click here


Gs Paper 2 click here

Gs paper 3 click here

GS paper 4 click here

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