Management of Indian border disputes – a complex task – UPSC

Managing border controls in India is a risky business. Former Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee once said: “We can choose our friends, but we cannot choose our neighbors.” India is one of the fastest growing countries in the world. Maintain friendly relations. India has territorial borders with many countries. Although these boundaries are clearly delineated on paper by maps, they are usually a source of tension for the Indian government. India has 1,5106.7 kilometers of land borders and 7,516.6 kilometers of coastline, including island territories, and has land and sea borders with at least 7 countries.

Therefore, it is obvious that the management of border disputes involves the management of these seven countries at different times. The need to defend its borders stems from the need to maintain India’s national security and sovereign integrity. Since its independence in 1947, India has been facing many border disputes and disputes. It has fought fiercely to protect the border time and time again, and participated in dialogues and discussions around the border.

What is a border dispute?

Territorial disputes or border disputes are differences in ownership or control of land between two or more territorial entities. Territorial disputes are usually related to the possession of natural resources such as rivers, fertile farmland, mineral or petroleum resources, but they can also be caused by culture, religion, and nationalism. Territorial disputes are usually the result of ambiguous language in the treaty establishing the original border.

Territorial disputes are the main cause of war and terrorism, because countries often try to maintain their sovereignty over territories through invasions, while non-state entities try to influence the actions of politicians through terrorism. Broadly speaking, borders can be divided into three types: · Land · Sea · Air · India Border Conflict India faces territorial issues from many neighboring countries. In the past 70 years, it has only managed to resolve border issues with Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.

 Undelimited borders with Myanmar, Bhutan, and more recently with China, Pakistan, and Nepal often cause tensions. In 1974, India resolved its maritime border dispute with Sri Lanka by abandoning its claim to the 235-acre uninhabited island Katchatheevu. India has also established its land and sea borders with Bangladesh by solving the problems of South Tarpati or Bangabande Island, which is a small area off the coast of the Bay of Bengal along the Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta. Unmanned sandbar terrain. But border disputes with China and Pakistan seem to be endless, with the latter often escalating into major military and diplomatic conflicts.

 In order to resolve the border issue with China, the special representatives of the two countries have conducted 22 rounds of negotiations since 2003. · Galvin dispute: The main reason is the unclear dispute over the 3,440 km (2,100 miles) border between the two countries. The rivers, lakes, and snow-capped mountains along the border mean that the line can be changed, bringing soldiers face to face in many places, sometimes leading to confrontations. The two countries are also competing to build infrastructure along the border, which is also known as the Royal Line of Control. India’s construction of a new highway to a high-altitude air base is considered to be one of the main reasons for the conflict with the Chinese army in June, which resulted in the death of at least 20 Indian soldiers. ·India and China only fought one war, and India was defeated in 1962. Both sides believe that their disputed border area is of strategic importance in the event of another conflict. If neither party surrendered, then the conflict could have destabilizing consequences for the region. If they are hit again, then the most populous country in the world-both a nuclear power and a risk of escalation. ·

 Military tensions along the border are reflected in increasing political tensions, which strains the relationship between India and China. Since China is one of India’s largest trading partners, it may also have economic consequences. Boundary control management challenges and applicable solutions Boundary control problems have brought some problems and challenges.

 Our border troops seem to be seriously understaffed and severely understaffed, which has seriously affected our country’s economic, social and political stability. Some of the problems that India faces almost every day include illegal immigration, smuggling of livestock, smuggling of drugs and counterfeiting of Indian currency, among many others. The most important political concern is that large tracts of land are empty and unprotected. These lands are used to send terrorists, weapons, drugs and infiltrators who have been educated in religious extremism.

 In the well-trained manpower and effective equipment, the police force is also inadequate. In addition, there is a lack of coordination between cross-border operating agencies such as the Border Security Force (BSF) and the Central Reserve Police (CRPF). Linguistic affinity across ethnic boundaries and loyalty

. There are also some illegal border demarcations, especially along the border between India and Bangladesh (also known as the international border). In short, the challenges and problems in the field of border control are almost endless. These problems can be solved in five steps or more precisely by methods. All these points should be carefully considered and developed by the Indian government.

They are: • Establish multiple guarded comprehensive checkpoints in each border area. • Establish and organize multiple development plans in border areas. Every day of the year. Now that our technology has developed so much, this step should be easy, but it has not been completed yet. • Develop fencing and lighting systems for all border areas. • Reach an agreement on basic guiding principles and operating standards. Paperwork at the border.

The solution is to elevate boundary management to a dedicated function in the shared public domain. The officers and soldiers of the army and the armed forces can be included in the cadres through a common organization plan. Even within border management, border surveillance and border defense need to be further distinguished:·Guarding applies to settled boundaries, like International Border and open borders. This would include approximately 2,000km of International Border with Pakistan, open borders with Nepal and Bhutan as also large stretches of Indo-Myanmar borders.

·Border defence, on the other hand is applicable for sensitive and contested borders like Line of Control with Pak and Line of Actual Control with China and 193km of Jammu-Kathua-Samba stretch of international border, described by Pakistan as a working boundary as also sensitive stretches on Myanmar border.·Smart fencing and surveillance systems are replacing antiquated infrastructure as part of comprehensive integrated border management system and border electronically dominated QRT interception technique.

·Development of integrated check posts for immigration, customs, etc.

“Ensuring border security is an important part of our security”-Managing India’s border is a complex but essential task. India shares approximately 15,000 kilometers of land borders and 7,500 kilometers of maritime borders with 11 countries/regions. India has only five states without borders. This means that border security must be our country’s top priority. The government must ensure the implementation of the border area development plan and control all security loopholes.

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