What is Mission Indradhanush?
To strengthen and re-energize the program and achieve full immunization coverage for all
children and pregnant women at a rapid pace, the Government of India launched “Mission
Indra Dhanush” in December 2014.
It provides vaccination against 12 Vaccine-Preventable Diseases (VPD) i.e. diphtheria, Whooping
cough, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, hepatitis B, meningitis and pneumonia, Hemophilus influenza
type B infections, Japanese encephalitis (JE), rotavirus vaccine, pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
(PCV) and measles-rubella (MR).
● However, Vaccination against Japanese Encephalitis and Haemophilus influenzae type B is
being provided in selected districts of the country.
Intensified Mission Indradhanush 3.0
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India is committed to achieve full immunization coverage of 90 percent among the children in the country. Every year the Universal Immunization Programme caters to the vaccination needs of 2.65 crore children and 2.9 crore pregnant women against 12 Vaccine Preventable Diseases.
Despite these efforts by all the States and UTs, some children and pregnant women get missed out from this network. Mission Indradhanush was launched in December 2014, to boost the routine immunization coverage by reaching out the partially immunized and unimmunized children and pregnant women.
Further, Intensified Mission Indradhanush has led to an increase in the full immunization coverage by 18.5 percent points. Sustaining the gains from the previous rounds and improving the immunization coverage, Intensified Mission Indradhanush 3.0 (IMI3.0) has been introduced.
The IMI 3.0 consists two rounds starting from February 22 and March 22, 2021 in pre-identified 250 districts/urban areas across 29 States/UTs in the country.
The children and pregnant women who have missed their vaccine doses during the COVID-19 pandemic will be identified and vaccinated during the two rounds of IMI 3.0. Each round will be for 15 days. Beneficiaries from migration areas and hard to reach areas are the main targets as they may have missed their vaccine doses during previous year.
COVID Appropriate Behaviour (CAB) will be ensured during the immunization activities held as part of the IMI 3.0 campaign. States have been asked to follow “Staggered Approach” to avoid crowding at the session sites and even plan Break-up sessions if staggered approach is not effective to avoid crowding. The sessions are also planned in such a way that not more than 10 beneficiaries are present at the session site at one given point in time.
An IMI 3.0 Portal (https://imi3.nhp.gov.in/) has been designed to manage the data reporting and analysis, and update the activities of the ministries/departments, and captures pre-campaign activities, achievements during activity, and post-campaign indicators on immunization coverage from the line ministries.
UPSC ESSAYS click on on here
GS Paper 1 click on on here
Gs Paper 2 click on on here
Gs paper 3 click on on here
GS paper 4 click on on here