Inner line permit(ILP) -UPSC NOTES
- Inner Line Permit (ILP) is an official travel document issued by the Government of India to allow travel of an Indian citizen into a protected area for a limited period. It is obligatory for Indian citizens from outside certain states, to obtain such a permit.
- At present, the ILP is in force in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland. In Manipur, large scale protests have called for its implementation for years. Under the ILP system, a certificate can be issued to outsiders only for travel in the areas covered by ILP.
- A non-resident also cannot buy property in these areas. Long term residence however, is allowed under certain kinds of ILP.
- Such provisions though are not valid for Central government employees and security personnel. The other concept is Protected Areas Permit.
- Under the Foreigners (Protected Areas) Order, 1958, all areas falling between the ‘Inner line’, as defined in the said order, and the International Border of the State have been declared as a Protected Area.
- Implemented under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation (BEFR) 1873, the ILP is an official travel document which allows inward travel of an Indian citizen into a protected/restricted area for a limited period.
- This Act was enacted during the British era to protect the Crown’s own commercial interests by preventing ‘British subjects’ (Indians) from trading within these regions.
- In 1950, the Indian government replaced ‘British subjects’ with ‘Citizen of India’.
- An imaginary line known as the inner-line was created to divide between the two communities so that neither party could go beyond the line without a permit from the appropriate authorities.
- Under Section 2 of the Regulation of 1873, the ILP was only applicable to the three North-Eastern States viz. Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland.
- On 11th December 2020, the President signed the order extending ILP to Manipur, which became the fourth state where the ILP regime is applicable.
- It is a special permit obligatorily required by “outsiders” from other regions of the country to enter the notified states.
- It is issued by the concerned State Government and can be issued for travel purposes solely.
- Foreigners need a Protected Area Permit (PAP) to visit tourist places which are different from ILPs needed by domestic tourists.
- Under the Foreigners (Protected Areas) Order 1958, all areas falling between the ‘Inner Line’, as defined in the said order, and the International Border of the State have been declared as a Protected Area.
- A foreign national is normally not allowed to visit a Protected/Restricted Area unless it is established to the satisfaction of the Government that there are extraordinary reasons to justify such a visit.
- he projects include Thoubal Multipurpose Project (Thoubal Dam), Integrated Command and Control Center at Imphal, etc.
- Thoubal multipurpose project was first considered by the Planning Commission in 1980 and the original cost of the project was Rs. 47.25 crores.
- A scheme for it was launched in 2004 but nothing happened till 2014 and the project remained on paper.
- It is located on river Thoubal, a tributary of Manipur river and will irrigate 35,104 hectares.
Currently, Protected Areas are located in the following States:
- Whole of Arunachal Pradesh
- Parts of Himachal Pradesh
- Parts of Jammu & Kashmir
- Whole of Manipur
- Whole of Mizoram
- Whole of Nagaland
- Parts of Rajasthan
- Whole of Sikkim (partly in Protected Area and partly in Restricted Area)
- Parts of Uttarakhand A foreign national is not normally allowed to visit a Protected / Restricted Area unless it is established to the satisfaction of the Government that there are extra-ordinary reasons to justify such a visit.
Every foreigner, except a citizen of Bhutan, who desires to enter and stay in a Protected or Restricted Area, is required to obtain a special permit from a competent authority delegated with powers to issue such a special permit to a foreigner, on application.
Recently, Jammu and Kashmir government has relaxed the Protected Area Permit (PAP) regime to enable foreigners to visit restricted areas in Leh district of Ladakh, a decision which is expected to increase the footfall of tourists and give considerable boost to the local economy. It will create a positive impact on the life and livelihood of the people residing in these remote areas.
Applicability of the Inner Line Permit
The details of to whom the Inner Line Permit is applicable is given in the below:
- Manipur: ILP is valid for domestic tourists. No permit is required for foreign tourists but they have to register themselves with the Superintendent of Police (CID/SB).
- Mizoram: ILP needed for domestic tourists, but foreign tourists have to register themselves with the Superintendent of Police (CID/SB).
- Nagaland: ILP needed for domestic tourists, but foreign tourists have to register themselves at the nearest police station.
- Arunachal Pradesh: Tourists need a Protected Area Permit (PAP) or Restricted Area Permit (RAP) from the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
Importance of Inner Line Permit
The Inner Line Permit is important due to the following reasons:
- Indigenous culture and tradition can be better preserved
- Illegal migrants and encroachment is checked due to the presence of an ILP
- The ILP is an important safeguard to safeguard the delicate demographic balance of the tribals in the Northeast region.
- Although an Inner Line Permit is an important step taken to preserve the demographics of the Northeastern states, better solutions are needed to strengthen further.
Merger of Manipur with India
- Before 15th August 1947, by peaceful negotiations, the rulers of most of the states signed the ‘Instrument of Accession’ which meant that their state agreed to become a part of the Union of India.
- The Maharaja of Manipur, Bodhachandra Singh, signed the Instrument of Accession with the Indian government on the assurance that the internal autonomy of Manipur would be maintained.
- Under the pressure of public opinion, the Maharaja held elections in Manipur in June 1948 and the state became a constitutional monarchy.
- Thus, Manipur was the first part of India to hold an election based on universal adult franchise.
- The Government of India succeeded in pressuring the Maharaja into signing a Merger Agreement in September 1949, without consulting the popularly elected Legislative Assembly of Manipur.
- On 21st January 1972, Manipur along with Meghalaya and Tripura became full-fledged states under the North Eastern Region (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.
- The political map of Northeast India underwent a major change and the two Union Territories of Manipur and Tripura and the Sub-State of Meghalaya got statehood.
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