India world’s largest emitter of sulphur dioxide, emissions see drop in 2019: Report

NEW DELHI: India’s sulphur dioxide (SO2) emissions, which contribute to air air pollution, recorded a big decline of roughly six per cent in 2019 as in comparison with 2018, the steepest dip in 4 years, a report has mentioned.
Nonetheless, India continues to occupy the highest emitter’s place for the fifth consecutive yr, the report based mostly on an evaluation by Greenpeace India and the centre for analysis on power and clear air (CREA), launched on Tuesday, mentioned.
Sulphur dioxide is a toxic air pollutant that will increase the chance of stroke, coronary heart illness, lung most cancers, and untimely dying.
In 2019, India emitted 21 per cent of world anthropogenic (human-made) SO2 emissions, almost double that of second-ranked international emitter, Russia.
China occupies the third place. The annual report ranks the world’s largest emitters of sulphur dioxide, the report mentioned.
As per the report, the largest emission hotspots in India are thermal energy stations (or clusters of energy stations) at Singrauli, Neyveli, Sipat, Mundra, Korba, Bonda, Tamnar, Talcher, Jharsuguda, Kutch, Surat, Chennai, Ramagundam, Chandrapur, Visakhapatnam and Koradi.
Whereas credit score must be given to India for making formidable strides in renewable power, contrarily concern arises from the constant help given to coal-based power era, it mentioned.
The report mentioned India has been faring fairly properly in its clear power transition and has set itself one of many world’s most formidable renewable power targets however lack of FGD models in most energy vegetation overshadows it.
Renewable power capability has been growing in India’s energy sector, delivering greater than two-thirds of the subcontinent’s new capability additions throughout the FY 2019-20.
Nonetheless, these efforts are overshadowed by the truth that a lot of the energy vegetation in India lack flue-gas desulfurization(FGD) models. The FGD models are essential within the means of decreasing emissions, it mentioned.
Avinash Chanchal, local weather campaigner, Greenpeace India, mentioned renewable power capability could have expanded however the air high quality is much from protected.
In India, we’re getting a glimpse of how discount in coal utilization can impression air high quality and well being. In 2019, renewable power capability expanded, coal dependency decreased and we noticed a corresponding enchancment in air high quality. However our air continues to be removed from protected.
We should velocity up the power transition away from coal and in direction of renewables, for our well being and economic system. Whereas guaranteeing simply transition of power, with the assistance of decentralized renewable sources, we have to prioritize entry to electrical energy for the poor, Chanchal mentioned.
In 2015, the ministry of atmosphere, forest and local weather change launched SO2 emission limits for coal energy stations. However energy vegetation missed the preliminary deadline of December 2017 for the set up of FGD models, the report mentioned.
Although the deadline was prolonged until 2022, as of June 2020 a lot of the energy vegetation are working with out compliance to requirements.
5 years after setting the SO2 emission limits, the Indian authorities has determined to close down non-compliant thermal energy stations and has additionally allotted Rs 4,400 crore to sort out the air air pollution disaster,it mentioned.
Sunil Dahiya, analyst, Centre for Analysis on Vitality and Clear Air (CREA), mentioned, SO2 emissions are affecting the well being of thousands and thousands of individuals straight and worse via changing to PM2.5.
Essentially the most environment friendly and best method to cut back PM2.5 ranges is to put in FGD and cut back SO2 emissions from energy vegetation as they type a big fraction of complete PM 2.5 air pollution at totally different places throughout the nation.
Each single day delay in implementation of prescribed norms and never putting in the FGD system is inflicting big well being and financial harm to our society, it is time the offenders/non-complying energy vegetation are pulled up for inaction and harm to the society to make sure higher implementation shifting forward, he mentioned.
It is excessive time that governments cut back investments in fossil fuels and shift to safer power sources, similar to wind and photo voltaic, the report mentioned, including that they have to additionally strengthen emission requirements and successfully implement flue fuel air pollution management expertise on coal-fired energy vegetation, smelters, and different main industrial SO2 emitters.
In August final yr, a examine by Greenpeace had claimed that India is the world’s largest emitter of anthropogenic sulphur dioxide, which is produced from coal burning, and enormously contributes to air air pollution.
Greenpeace India has launched an evaluation of a nationwide aeronautics and area administration (NASA) information, saying India has greater than 15 per cent of all anthropogenic sulphur dioxide (SO2) hotspots on the earth detected by the OMI (Ozone Monitoring Instrument) satellite tv for pc.

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