[Solved] In order to enhance the prospects of social development, sound and adequate health care policies are needed particularly in the fields of geriatric and maternal health care. Discuss. (UPSC GS -2 Mains 2020)

Social advancement assumes a significant part in upgrading the capacity of demographic dividends. It decreases weight on human capacities and gets human resource formation. To get the social turn of events, the medical care framework must be revamped and re-created.

  • Social development is tied in with improving the prosperity of each person in the general public so they can arrive at their maximum capacity.
  • Diminishing weakness among elderly individuals and ladies, specifically, is the most pursued exercise in the country building measure. This is on the grounds that:
  • Sound moms would mean solid youngsters which thus implies solid eventual fate of the country
  • An enormous measure of everyday consumption of average folks adds up to the medical care of the older in the family and a large portion of this is out of the pocket use.
  • A larger number of healthy people will lead to a better society and a well-developed healthy society.
  • It would to a great extent improve India’s positioning in worldwide medical services markers, for example, HDI where wellbeing is a key segment.
  • Better social orders, particularly females, offer more to the GDP of the country. This would help in understanding the objective of a $5tn economy all the more rapidly

Various health care facilities needed

  • Infant health
    The health of young children below age of five should be taken care of through healthcare facilities. This will help in reducing death due to malnutrition and diseases.
  • Maternal health
    Pregnant and lactating mothers are vulnerable to health risks. Health care policies aimed at these groups can reduce burden of failed health on the society.
  • Health care for backward groups
    Backward classes which include socially backward as well as economically backward sections are devoid of good health care. It is necessary that these groups are given priority.
  • Senior citizen healthcare
    Citizens above age of sixty have large health care needs that needs to be addressed. Focusing on these groups will reduce stress on family income.

Benefits of health care development and social development

  • Reduce health induced poverty
    Large number of families suffer from health induced poverty due to high cost of health care. With such a situation it is difficult to address other social requirements such as education. Proper health care facilities will help in addressing such issues.
  • Enhance human capacity
    Health care has the capacity to enhance human capabilities and help in economic development. This will include more contribution towards growth of the country.
  • The Ayushman Bharat effort, with its two components of Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) and Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY), addresses disparity in access and reduces out of pocket expenditure for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization for 40% of India’s population.
  • The scheme provides hospital care for about 1,350 illnesses at secondary and tertiary level empanelled public and private hospitals. HWC encourages healthy choices and behaviours including Yoga and other physical activities.

In addition, certain new initiatives have been undertaken like the Screening for Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs), Mothers Absolute Affection, Pradhan Mantri Shurakshit Matratva Abhiyan, Pradhan Mantri National Dialysis Program, Mission Indradhanush, Rashtriya Swasthya Bal Karyakram (RBSK), Kayakalp, Labour room quality improvement initiative – LAQSHYA, Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan (SUMAN) (to end all preventable maternal and neonatal deaths), National Health Mission Free Drugs and Free Diagnostics, National Program for Palliative Care (NPPC), etc. This investment in people means social development.

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