[Solved ] Has caste lost its relevance in understanding the multi-cultural Indian Society? Elaborate your answer with illustrations. (UPSC Mains 2020)

Caste refers to any genetic classification of Hindu society and is distinguished by the degree of the relative purity of ritual or adultery and social status. Indian society supports and exists for a variety of cultural or ethnic groups, including ethnic restaurants, grocery stores, shopping malls, community gatherings, local festivals, local festivals, and community institutions.

India’s multicultural society considers this to be very rude, inconsistent and unconstitutional. Aggressive behavior or aggressive discrimination alters the premises of discrimination and institutional choice.

 However, when it comes to individual aspirations and building relationships between generations, we find that it plays an important role in decision-making, even in multicultural societies. The cabinet is stricter than religion. Politics also recognizes multiculturalism and caste, but often follows multiculturalism.

Caste is a system of social hierarchy maintained through food, clothes, social capital and occupation that affected the economic opportunities available to people and their political voice and representation in the nation. it refers to each of the hereditary groups of Hindu society, distinguished by relative degrees of ritual purity and of social status. These sub-divisions are traditionally linked to occupations and decide the social relations with respect to other upper and lower castes.

Lost relevance:

1. Restaurants, shopping malls, regional celebrations, local festivals, public institutions, private establishments, do not entertain the caste factor.

2. People today subscribe to class identities based on income and profession, people in urban areas are included or excluded based on their economic status and professional achievements

3. Under the impact of globalization and technological advancement, the strict codes of marriage and inheritance have diluted with more inter-caste marriages taking place

4. Also people today want to be identified as liberal broad-minded and cosmopolitan free from the influence of cast, this Indian multicultural society finds caste disrespectful, antithetical to social cohesion and violative of the Constitution

5. Affirmative action or positive discrimination has changed the premises of institutional caste discrimination and determination.

Persistence of caste:

1. However, when it comes to personal aspirations and social capital within the society we see the indispensable role of caste in making decisions even in a multiculturally diverse society, these forces are particularlyactive in the rural setting

2. Inter-caste marriages are not that common, even matrimony sites cater to caste preference

3. What is more, politics acknowledges both multiculturalism and caste, but often follows and exploited identities

4. Even though untouchability and caste-based discrimination is barred under the Constitution of India, occupations like manual scavenging have the majority of workers from lower castes.

Caste as a dominant force may not be easily visible today in our multicultural society, however, it still thrives in subtler ways and holds clues to our society, to its social-political and economical dynamics.

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