GS Paper 1: Art and Culture | Buddhist Architecture | UPSC Preparation

GS Paper 1: Art and Culture | Buddhist Architecture | UPSC Preparation

GS paper 1

Buddhist Architecture

Buddhism was the soonest Indian religion to require enormous common spaces for revere.

• This prompted three sorts of structural structures: the stupa, the vihara, and the chaitya.

• Many strict Buddhist holy places came up between the first century BC – 1 st century AD.

• The term stupa has been alluded to in Rig Veda yet not in the setting as we probably am aware it. The

term at that point alluded to the fire coming out of the conciliatory raised area

• Stupa, initially the focal point of a well known faction of the dead, is an enormous internment hill containing a

relic of the Buddha.

Buddhism was the most punctual Indian religion to require huge common spaces for love.

• This prompted three sorts of compositional structures: the stupa, the vihara and the chaitya.

• Many strict Buddhist hallowed places came up between the first century BC – 1 st century AD.

• The term stupa has been alluded to in Rig Veda however not in the setting as we probably am aware it. The

term at that point alluded to the fire coming out of the conciliatory special stepped area

• Stupa, initially the focal point of a well known religion of the dead, is an enormous entombment hill containing a

relic of the Buddha.

• It commends the Buddha’s parinirvana (end of pattern of anguish), represents his eternalbody,

what’s more, is an object of love.

• Not numerous stupas have made due from these early occasions yet the Great Stupa at Sanchi in

Madhya Pradesh with its superb four entryways has endure unblemished.

• There is proof of network support of landowners, shippers, authorities, priests, nuns

what’s more, craftsmans related with these Buddhist ventures.

• Initially stupas were Buddha’s relic places. At that point it got reached out to his devotees too and

slowly stupa itself turned into an object of love. As indicated by Buddhist custom, Ashoka

constructed 84000 stupas.

specifies seeing stupas at Tamralipti, Karnasuvarna, Samtata.

Stupa

• The word Stupa is referenced in the Rigveda, Atharvaveda, Vajasaneyi Samhita, Taittriya Samhita, in the Panchavimsata Brahmana

• Rigveda alludes to a Stupa raised by the King Varuna over the woods in a spot having no establishment

• Pali word “Thupa” signifies a conelike store, a heap or a hill or a cone-shaped or chime molded hallowed place containing a relic

• A stupa was a burial service hill which was initially made of earth however later on with blocks and stone

• It was likewise called “Chaitya” which truly implies a landmark on the spot of the memorial service fire

• It was typically the training to plant a tree on the spot where the dead body was covered or consumed This hallowed tree is called Chaitya Tree

• Sometimes, a landmark was raised on the spot to cherish the remaining parts of the dead individual in the type of the consumed bones and remains

• After the end of Buddha and his incineration at Kushinagar and later the bodily relics were conveyed among 8 Mahajanapadas

• It praises the Buddha’s parinirvana (end of the pattern of misery), represents his unceasing body, also, is an object of love.

• There is proof of network support of landowners, traders, authorities, priests, nuns, and craftsman related to these Buddhist tasks.

• Initially stupas were Buddha’s relic places. At that point, it got reached out to his devotees also and

bit by bit stupa itself turned into an object of love. As indicated by Buddhist custom, Ashoka

assembled 84000 stupas. (Buddhist Architecture) makes reference to seeing stupas at Tamralipti, Karnasuvarna, Samata.

Stupa (Buddhist Architecture)

• The word Stupa is referenced in the Rigveda, Atharvaveda, Vajasaneyi Samhita, Taittriya Samhita, in the Panchavimsata Brahmana

• Rigveda alludes to a Stupa raised by the King Varuna over the woods in a spot having no establishment

• Pali word “Thupa” signifies a conelike pile, a heap or a hill or a tapered or ringer formed holy place containing a relic

• A stupa was a burial service hill which was initially made of the earth yet later on with blocks and stone

• It was likewise called “Chaitya” which actually implies a landmark on the spot of the memorial service fire

• It was generally the training to plant a tree on the spot where the dead body was covered or consumed

This hallowed tree is called Chaitya Tree

• Sometimes, a landmark was raised on the spot to revere the remaining parts of the dead individual in the type of the consumed bones and remains

• After the death of Buddha and his incineration at Kushinagar and later the mortal relics were dispersed among 8 Mahajanapadas

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