In the case of agriculture, only 38% of the farm households in India are self-sufficient in their food needs. Agriculture still has the potential to be a source of livelihood for majority of farmers in India. However, due to inefficient farming practices and lack of ICTs in agriculture, significant productivity gains can be made. At its current stage, digital agriculture can make farming more profitable and improve the livelihood of Indian Farmers by better understanding the behavior of each yoke, applying state-of-the-art technologies to improve efficiency and help farmers to make informed decisions.
There is just one culture in India and that is Agriculture – Sardar Patel
The above assertion of Sardar Patel tells that, how much agribusiness is significant for India. Indeed, even today, in excess of half of our labor force is utilized in Agriculture. One of those farmers is Chotelal from Bundelkhand district of MP, he possesses 2acre of land which is all he has for his means yet normal yield disappointments, failure to reimburse credit of neighborhood Mahajan broke him, and he decided to end it all. These sort of stories are presently a typical from everywhere the nation be it Vidharbha, TN or Rajasthan. Indeed, even farmers of Punjab and Haryana which were viewed as wealthy are confronting exceptional test to be in cultivating
India has consistently been a place where there is horticulture in antiquated time our civic establishments spread on waterway valleys like Indus and Ganga because of prolific land around them, even our a large portion of the celebrations and customs are identified with cultivating. Agribusiness was the method of means of greater part of populace that proceeded till bygone era and British time. In British time arrangements like lasting settlement, shifty Jamindari ,disregard of land improvement left Indian farmers in scorn, starvation in towns became normal wonder.
Thus in our public development, Gandhiji alongside different pioneers discussed land changes, for helpless Farmers Swaraj became image of finishing of wretchedness, getting rights on their property .But lamentably after Independence land changes couldn’t appeared with letter and in soul except for not many states like Kerela and WB.
In spite of the fact that after Green unrest India got independent in food creation, hight yield seeds and spread of water system offices assisted farmers with delivering now in excess of 270 metric ton of grain, which isn’t not as much as accomplishment for our farmers. In any case, the incongruity stay that green upset couldn’t spread all over India and between state variations are unmistakably apparent. Little and peripheral farmer those are over 80% of complete farmers couldn’t take advantage of new innovation and their means on horticulture stayed debilitated
In 1965, India had to engage in a war with Pakistan & faced the famine-like situation along with the United States threatened to cut off food supplies to India. India’s former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri promoted self-reliance rather than importing supplies from other countries. He introduced the concept of kitchen gardens in India with the slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan”. In 1965 Indira Gandhi government decided to take steps on agricultural reforms by the introduction of Green revolution by M. S. Swaminathan in Haryana & Punjab areas so that India can become self-sufficient in food production, high yield seeds and spread of irrigation facilities helped farmers to produce now more than 270 metric ton of grain, which is not less than an achievement for our farmers. But the irony remains that the Green Revolution could not spread all over India and inter-state disparities were visible. Small and marginal farmer those are more than 80% of total farmers could not take benefit of new technology and their subsistence on agriculture remained impaired. After 1991, we could not pull our agriculture population into manufacturing and could not provide adequate human capital that is also a major reason why agriculture is over-employed, and could not become a source of subsistence.
According to this approach, 50 farmers would form a group having 50 acres of land to implement organic farming. The programme aims to set up 10,000 clusters covering 5 lakh acres under organic farming in three years. Several other government schemes such as, National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY), Micro Irrigation Fund (MIF), Agriculture Contingency Plans, Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), Soil Health Card Scheme, Crop insurance schemes like Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY), Financial inclusion for smallholder farmers, Kisan Credit Card (KCC) scheme, One Nation One Market, Social security schemes like Atal Pension Yojana (APY) and has played a major role in the agricultural sector. In 2022, when India will celebrate 75 years of independence, the government has taken to double the income of farmers, this aim is necessary to be achieved to uplift our rural population especially small and marginal farmers from the deprivation. National Agriculture Market (eNAM) online trading platform for agricultural commodities in India were launched to promote price discovery and help farmers realize the value of their product is still to take off. But the absence of clear guideline on contract farming has been a hurdle to the industry-farmer partnership.
Farmers still have to suffer despite these initiatives:
Recent deaths of farmers in Yavatmal due to inhalation of toxic pesticides, a farmer committed suicide in Muzaffarnagar’s Sisauli due to financial stress as he had not been paid his sugarcane dues are few examples of a gap in extension services. Research for the development of high yielding & climate-resistant seed varieties, sustainable agricultural practises has been slow and inadequate. Apart from that government policies in declaration and procurement of produce under Minimum Support Prices (MSP), has fueled the growth of cereal centric agriculture. This has been a major factor behind the depletion of resources, lack of diversification. Developmental schemes majorly cover middle &large scale agricultural lords and many farmers do not have their land to apply for this scheme, they just enjoy a tiny part of the profit from the owner who is covered by the welfare schemes. Lack of knowledge & awareness of the initiatives given by the government is not received or understood by the farmers at the end. In the agricultural sector, the production is sufficient but the movement of goods to the area of demand is not done appropriately. The lack of warehouse, cold storages and the lack of governments interest to directly purchase the produced goods and supply to where ever it is needed is an important cause. The weather unpredictability is also a major cause since India is monsoon nation. Many of the farmers do not get proper guidance for the usage of fertilizers, weedicides, pesticides and others issued by the government. They are still using the cheap products that are available in markets because the majority of the duplicate products occupy the markets by crossing government standard approval.
Presently in 2018, on the one side drive like Amul which has lifted numerous from hardship are standing tall as the example of overcoming adversity on the opposite side expanding country trouble shows the distinctive story all together. In the event that we analyze the justification lost of capacity of agribusiness to give resource the first comes in the psyche is, helpless usefulness; after high information cost farmers can’t build creation on a case by case basis .Lack of water system ( over half cultivating still downpour took care of), division of land, abuse of composts, debasement of land, absence of promoting office, nonattendance of cold storage spaces are reasons among numerous others/Farming/
After 1991, we were unable to maneuver our farming populace into assembling and couldn’t give sufficient human resources, that is additionally a significant motivation behind why horticulture is over utilized, and couldn’t become wellspring of means.
Despite the fact that legislatures since Independence made a decent attempt to foster horticulture area, Slogan of Jai Jawan , Jai Kisan is declaration that Kissan ( Farmers) consistently stayed in the focal of commonwealth in the country. Numerous plans like Kisan Visa plot, Irrigation projects ( Bhakra nangal, Sardar Sarovar dam)Marketing changes like APMC act and yield protection conspires positively assumed their part.
In the 2022, when India will celebrate 75 years of autonomy, government has taken Sankalp( Resolve) to twofold the pay of farmers, this points is important to be accomplished to inspire our provincial populace uniquely little and peripheral farmers from the hardship. Government has showed many drive like PM Krishi Vikas Yojna, PM Fasal Bima Yojna, Parampragat Krishi Vikas Yojna, Soil wellbeing card, Financial consideration of farmers, federal retirement aide plans like Atal annuity Yojna. These are steps right way./
How cultivating can be business of benefit for farmers, there are two methodologies one is long haul we need to pull our country populace from horticulture area to assembling, overall experience propose ( For eg. China) that horticulture can’t give work to half of our populace and the second piece of the methodology is to give means pay to farmers by advancement of agribusiness. Accuracy cultivating, natural cultivating, per drop more yield currently should be on ground level
As broadly said the in India genuine money serve is Monsoon, in light of the fact that our horticulture relies upon impulses of rainstorm, with challenge of environmental change, dry spell and floods turned out to be more normal occasion and hardest hit are farmers. Dry spell and floods leave farmers hapless they need strong force , we need to give pad from this.PM Fasal bima yojna is acceptable advance for this./Farming/
Alongside this economical horticulture is way forward ,uniquely for little and negligible farmers. Utilization of bio composts, environment shrewd horticulture is getting footing. Farmers can embrace sun based siphons for water system, this won’t just assistance in diminishing fossil fuel byproduct yet will give farmers opportunity to work siphon on their own won’t on the individual sitting at electric force to be reckoned with
There is tremendous social expense included, if farmers are in trouble, as of late we have seen agrarian stations across the nations are requesting reservation, similar to Maratha in Maharashtra ,Patidars in Gujarat ,Jats in Haryana. In 2017, In Mandasour (MP) a few farmers passed on while challenging value crash of their produce, that prompted numerous farmers developments in the country. Farmers are greatest vote bank of ideological groups and no ideological group needs to see them in trouble, however the automatic arrangement like ranch advance waiver won’t keep going long, exhaustive long haul strategy is need to the hour/Farming/
Farmers are not money managers, they don’t have ability to confront the value variety of their produce, but since of numerous layers of center men their produce doesn’t get the right compensation. There is need to change APMC acts to work with more open market selling of ranch produce. Least help value should be expanded for additional yields like oil seeds ,Pulses and even onion and Milk. Cradle stock should be legitimized, our import and fare strategies of ranch produce should be in a state of harmony with the projection of neighborhood produce so farmers don’t have to confront challenge from modest import. E-Nam can possibly alter ranch market area however results still to be shown.
Above them cold storage spaces, warehousing, food preparing units are the place where future falsehoods. They will make occupations for country youth that would decrease the weight on agribusiness for means/Farming/
As Swaninathan commission suggested MSP ought to be basically twofold of homestead input, government ought to bring represent this reason. Bhavantar Yojna in Madhya Pradesh ( Price distinction ) for Pulses and other oil seeds should be contemplated and ought to be carried out in different states.
India properly has placed its case in WTO clerical meet in Argentina 2017, for our cradle stock and ranch endowment issues. We need to take care of millions of individuals with our public food programs like PDS,MDM are fundamental. In spite of the fact that Indian farmers should be ready for worldwide test./Farming/
The location of the film Mother India when Lala of the town deceitfully take every one of the grains of the family, that scene ought not be in the present time, when we eat Chapati or Rice on our feasting table someone is working in the ranches to deliver it, we as a whole should oblige to our farmers to take care of 1.3bn of populace. Cultivating is culture of India so should it remain, however the farmers who are engaged with it need to get great life, when we consider farmer the image of an elderly person putting his palm on head reviling his destiny ought not come in our brain./Farming/
By 2022, farmers’ pay ought to be multiplied, for that little and minor farmers should be sans obligation. New India can’t become reality until except if our farmers don’t get customary practical pay. Provincial interest influence any remaining areas of economy, so long haul extensive technique should be executed immediately to satisfy our farmers./Farming/
For latest Articles [Paper wise GS 1-4] and Solved papers[2010-2020] join us @ https://t.me/UPSCexamNotes1
UPSC ESSAYS click here
GS Paper 1 click here
Gs Paper 2 click here
Gs paper 3 click here
GS paper 4 click here
Sociology click here
Entertainment click here