[Solved ]“Empowering women is the key to control population growth”. Discuss ( UPSC GS-1 Mains 2019)

Empowerment refers to measures designed to increase the degree of autonomy and self-determination in people and in communities in order to enable them to represent their interests in a responsible and self-determined way, acting on their own authority. Empowering women is the key to control population growth is discussed below

  • It is the process of becoming stronger and more confident, especially in controlling one’s life and claiming one’s rights.
  • Empowerment refers to measures designed to increase the degree of autonomy and self-determination in people and in communities in order to enable them to represent their interests in a responsible and self-determined way, acting on their own authority.
  • It is the process of becoming stronger and more confident, especially in controlling one’s life and claiming one’s rights.

How women empowerment will help in tackling population growth:

Empowering women

 • Political Empowerment: This would result in an increase in women’s participation in the political processes, structures, institutions. This would enhance the voice of women at different platforms. Hence, women will be able to raise awareness about the need of small families and birth control and the associated benefits.

• Economic Empowerment: This will lead to the participation of women in economic activities. It will increase the family income and also improve the situation of women in making financial decisions. Thus, there will be a fewer requirement of income-generating options which led to giving birth to more children. Thus, this would check the population growth.

• Social Empowerment: This would result in the improved status and boost confidence of the women. This confidence would ultimately affect the decision- making ability of the women. They would be able to take decisions regarding number of children they want.

• Constitutional Empowerment: This would result in rising awareness of the women about their constitutional rights including the right to life and liberty, freedom, and equality. Hence, women will be able to make choices in family planning and the number of children they want to have.

 • Technological Empowerment: If women are able to use technology like mobile phones, etc., they would be able to receive information about the advantages of small families and the right age of having children. Also, this would lead to the improved reproductive and general health of women as the women would be aware of the options of various birth control measures like pills, tablets, etc.

Education: Educating women is one of the major parts of Women’s Empowerment. When women are educated then they will aware of multiple pregnancies. Self-Sufficiency: Employed women have no need to follow their family pressure. Since they generate their own income, there is no need to follow the husband’s orders.

Independent decision making: Empowered Women have the courage to go against their family decisions. They can have smaller families, which is suitable for effective population control. They are treated equally and have the ultimate power to make the decision on pregnancies.

Constitutional Empowerment: This would result in raise in awareness of the women about their constitutional rights including right to life and liberty, freedom, and equality. Hence women will be able to make choices in the family planning and number of children they want to have. Thus it would lead to tackling population growth.

 Technological Empowerment: If women are able to use technology like mobile phones etc, they would be able to receive the information about the advantages of small families and right age of having children. Also this would lead to the improved reproductive and general health of women. As the women would be aware of the options of various birth control measures like pills, tablets, etc. Also the test tube baby option would lead to checking population growth by restricting no of children

India is set to become the most populous nation in 2027, surpassing China, according to an estimation by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. India’s population has ballooned from 555.2 million in 1970 to 1,366.4 million in 2017

Thus empowering women can play a crucial role in controlling the population growth

  • Women are at times financially weak to pay for needed family planning and health services. Access to and control over productive resources will result in increased voice, agency and meaningful participation in decision-making at all levels from family planning to the time of conceiving.
  • The failure of family planning is directly related to large-scale illiteracy that also contributes to the early age of marriage, low status of women, high child-mortality rate etc. They are least aware of the various ways to control population, usage of contraceptives and birth control measures.
  • Uneducated families cannot grasp the issues and problems caused by the increasing population rate. Education has a transformative impact on girls. Educated girls tend to work more, earn more, expand their horizons, marry and start having children later with fewer children.
  • Fertility rates are high because of misinformation about side-effects of contraceptives, lack of knowledge about the benefits of small families, and religious or male opposition to contraception.
  • Any woman with multiple children spends most of her life as a mother and wife. She cannot play any meaningful role in her community and society until she is able to limit her family to a proper size. Family planning will not only improve family welfare but also contribute to achieving social prosperity and personal happiness.
  • It is also crucial to sensitize men and boys at a young age, so they become an integral part in bringing about a transformation of women empowerment in Indian society. When men start respecting women and accepting them as equals, a lot of gender-based inequalities will reduce considerably. /Empowering women/

Conclusion: Hence, there is a saying that “If you educate a man, you educate only a man, but if you educate a woman, you educate a whole generation”. This is the kind of effect women have and hence, population control can be achieved by the empowerment of women in various spheres. This would have a multiplier effect on other institutions of the society and economy and lead to sustainable development.

For latest Articles [Paper wise GS 1-4] and Solved papers join us @ https://t.me/UPSCexamNotes1

For solved

UPSC ESSAYS click here

GS Paper 1 click here


Gs Paper 2 click here

Gs paper 3 click here

GS paper 4 click here

Sociology click here

Entertainment click here

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: