[Solved] Do you agree that regionalism in India appears to be a consequence of rising cultural assertiveness? Argue. (UPSC 2020)

Regionalism is an inclination or a philosophy among a segment of individuals dwelling in a specific topographical space portrayed by exceptional language, culture, and so forth, that they are the children of the dirt and each chance in their territory should be given to the first however not to the outcasts. It is a kind of Parochialism. In the greater part of the cases, it is raised for convenient political gains yet not really.

  • Individuals having a place with a specific culture need to encounter their social thoughts, customs, and social conduct in their native language. They place it over whatever other language which is frequently cited as regionalism.
  • Etymological needs make individuals more self-assured. As of late, West Bengal has confronted the circumstance on similar lines. Indeed, we notice International Mother Language Day to advance phonetic and social variety and multilingualism.
  • Ethnic regionalism is very normal in the North East, which includes the affirmation of not just measurably more modest and less prevailing ancestral gatherings, yet in addition the strategically and socially predominant ancestral gathering against one another. Further, this outcomes in perpetual struggle among nearby and traveler networks, particularly, in Assam.
  • Telangana, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand, Bodoland, Gorkhaland, Vidarbha, Bundelkhand and so on are locales where some phonetic (minorities) and social gatherings with various verifiable foundations have confronted social self-assuredness which reinforced regionalism further.
  • Considering some culture a danger or substandard is social emphaticness. Rising social self-assuredness has not permitted various areas in India to foster social associations with one another and inside it. This is consistent with most states and their subregions.People having a place with a specific culture need to encounter their social thoughts, customs, and social conduct in their native language.
  • They place it over whatever other language which is frequently cited as regionalism. Semantic needs make individuals more emphatic. As of late, West Bengal has confronted the circumstance on similar lines. Indeed, we notice International Mother Language Day to advance phonetic and social variety and multilingualism.
  • Ethnic regionalism is very regular in the North East, which includes the statement of not just measurably more modest and less predominant ancestral gatherings, yet in addition the strategically and socially prevailing ancestral gathering against one another. Further, this outcomes in perpetual clash among neighborhood and traveler networks, particularly, in Assam.
  • Telangana, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand, Bodoland, Gorkhaland, Vidarbha, Bundelkhand and so forth are areas where some semantic (minorities) and social gatherings with various authentic foundations have confronted social self-assuredness which reinforced regionalism further.
  • Considering some culture a danger or sub-par is social confidence. Rising social decisiveness has not permitted various areas in India to foster social associations with one another and inside it. This is consistent with most states and their subregions.
  • Regions are organized cooperation in cultural, economic, political or military fields. The region acts as a subject with distinct identity, language, culture and tradition.

Regionalism is an ideology and political movement that seeks to advance the causes of regions.

Regionalism manifests in

  • Demand for a new state like Vidarbha, Gorkhaland
  • Separatism and insurgency in Northeast
  • Reservation for locals in jobs like recent actions of Haryana
  • Mob violence against outsider like treatment received by Northeast migrants in various parts of India

Cultural assertiveness is central to regionalism as a region acts as a subject with distinct identity, language, culture and tradition. An example of cultural regionalism in India is the Dravidian movement or demand for Gorhkaland.

However, apart from cultural assertiveness, various other factors drive regionalism

  • Dwindling job opportunities and falling agricultural productivity fuel movements for reservation like Jat movement for reservation of Maratha movement for the same
  • So what seems regional assertiveness on the front is actually a narrow reactionary response to dwindling opportunities.
  • Development deficit, neglect and backwardness also fuels regionalism like Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Telangana in past and Vidarbha today Thus we can conclude that while regionalism in India appears to be a consequence of rising cultural assertiveness, it is also driven by various other factors.

Regional decisiveness can end up being a danger to public solidarity:

  • Regionalism places the provincial need over the public need. In this way, it might disable the public turn of events.
  • It breeds contempt among the area. Model savagery against Bihari laborers in the North East by ULFA
  • It impacts the respectability of the country. Over roused regionalism now and then transforms into a secessionist development. model Khalistan development.
  • Brutality is an extremely normal trait of regionalism. To secure provincial character individuals may take rough methods. Model Nellie slaughter during Assam development.
  • It debilitate social trade and frequently breeds bigotry towards different areas. E.g.: The counter traveler or hostile to Bihari position of the Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) which goes against the work and home of non-Maharashtrian individuals in the territory of Maharashtra is a perfect representation of negative regionalism.
  • It debilitate relocation. Because of aggression towards individuals from other locale laborers reference from moving out and settling there
  • It impacts the simplicity of working together. Because of provincial yearning, neighborhood individuals pass troubles for private financial backers to recruit uninhibitedly according to their own prerequisite privately owned businesses are frequently compelled to save work and agreement just for nearby individuals child of the dirt
  • It additionally impacts the International relationship model West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee is impeding Teesta bargain among India and Bangladesh just to extinguish her territorial thirst.
  • Regionalism past a point can prompt secessionism, for example, solid regionalism in Punjab eventually brought about the development of Khalistani illegal intimidation.
  • Regionalism frequently advances Vote-Bank governmental issues, consequently debilitating the public reconciliation.
  • Regionalism can debilitate the reliable texture of ‘Solidarity in Diversity’, whenever advanced in a ultra-way.
  • Regional movements often result in violent agitations, disturbs not only the law and order situation but also have negative implications on the economy of the state as well as the nation. Regionalism sometimes undercuts the national interest by being a hurdle in international diplomacy.
  • For instance- the opposition of regional/state parties of Tamil against the stand of the central government had a direct implication on the relation of India with Sri Lanka.
  • The disagreement of political leadership in West Bengal with the central government over the Land Boundary Agreement and Teesta River Water sharing treaty with Bangladesh resulted in increased tensions between the two nations.

Measures needed to quell the extreme regionalist perspectives:

Unity in Diversity ethos needs to be preserved for the pluralistic character of the Indian nation-state.

  • The accommodation of multiple aspirations of a diverse population is necessary.
  • Formation of the NITI Aayog has been a positive step to enhance cooperative federalism by fostering the involvement of the State Governments of India in the economic policy-making process using a bottom-up approach.
  • While a number of steps such as the launch of centrally sponsored schemes, incentives to private players for development in backward states have been taken by the government for inclusive development, there is a greater need for their effective implementation.
  • There is a need to increase the level of social expenditure by the states on education, health, and sanitation which are the core for human resource development.
  • Introducing a system of national education that would help people to overcome regional feelings and develop an attachment towards the nation can act as a long-term solution to the problem of sub-nationalism.
  • While the National Integration Council was set up in 1961, there is a need to utilise its potential more effectively.
  • Schemes like “Ek Bharat-Shreshtha Bharat” have been launched by the GOI to celebrate unity in diversity culture of the nation and to strengthen sentiment for National Unity between the citizens of states, is a welcomed step.
  • National unity is not impaired if the people of a region have genuine pride in their language and culture.

Mahatma Gandhi broadly said. “I am a proud Gujarati and a proud Indian and I don’t see any difference between the two.” If regionalism advances craftsmanship and social ethos without leaving hand, it will bind together the country and be a fortifying variable.

India’s solidarity lies in its variety, which ought to be safeguarded and advanced no matter what, for really at that time can comprehensive improvement happen and India can develop all in all. The limits of the express that gap individuals phonetically or authoritatively are joined by one country, one constitution, and one soul and this are India that is joined by its kin, all things considered, all religions, and all districts.

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