[Solved] Customs and traditions suppress reason leading to obscurantism. Do you agree? (UPSC GS-1 Mains 2020)

Traditions and customs can become irrational if they suppress reason, such as obscurantism like the Black Mass or obsessive religious bereavement rituals that prevent healthy grieving.

  • Conversely, practitioners of some religions (e.g., Buddhism) believe that all customs and traditions have rational explanations.
  • Whenever rational thought is suppressed, a new superstition may become established as it did during the witchcraft persecutions of early modern Europe.
  • For example, in 16th-century England, many people believed that witches stole milk and butter from their neighbors’ kitchens. These beliefs led to a witch-hunt mentality
  • While Customs and traditions are generally effective for a society, they may also lead to obscurantism.
  • They can result in people accepting ideas or behaviours without questioning them or considering alternatives. Customs and traditions help societies function effectively by creating rules that promote safety and order.
  • Paisley Samurai 2 is a short novel set in 1846 Japan about an English missionary who finds that customs and traditions are more powerful than reason in stopping social change and those few who would promote it.

The customs and traditions of a country influence people’s everyday lives.

  • They affect how they view the world and what is considered acceptable behavior in the country. Customs and traditions are learned from family members or other role models.
  • Some customs have religious or spiritual significance while others are just tradition for tradition’s sake.

Tradition and Conformity

  • Customs and traditions suppress reason leading to obscurantism. No custom or tradition can be good unless it conforms with the dictates of Reason, Logic, and Morality. Customs and traditions like Sati, plural marriage, Sati-Pratha are extremely evil, ungodly practices in the light of reason, logic and morality. To a rational thinker these customs are senseless and barbaric.
  • The customs and traditions of any country often seem strange and incomprehensible to outsiders. In the same way that a fish does not understand why it is wet, customs and traditions can be viewed by rational minded people as irrational practices which oppress the conscience of individuals.
  • Customs are conventional and generally acknowledged course to act or accomplish something that is obviously characterized to a specific culture, while customs are about the transmission of these traditions or convictions from one age to another.
  • The truth of the matter is that they must be passed on as such. Except if customs are followed and polished with heaps of poise and order, they can’t be given starting with one age then onto the next as interesting social practices explicit to their general public. This implies it is restricted, or truth be told, no degree for change.
  • This is the greatest strength just as restriction of customs and customs. Why impediment? Since the change isn’t invited in any way, they even stifle the explanation of the best significance.
  • In some cases, they stand so unbending that an explanation looks totally vulnerable. For example, during the COVID-19 pandemic, keeping up physical removing is a daily existence saving social methodology, the explanation being, it is the most secure measure accessible up until this point.
  • Yet, promising get-togethers for the sake of customs and customs considering them regardless of anything else and not expose to any damage, is an endeavor to demonstrate their theoretical matchless quality and invalidate the standards of causation.
  • There is no experimental proof of such reasoning which reflects specific strictness. Disregarding a nearby association between reason considering hazardous condition and confidence is considered a confused endeavor which prompts receiving the act of purposely forestalling current realities or full subtleties of something from getting known to proceed with the traditionalist plan.
  • Customs and customs need to make individuals the judicious creatures assessing reasons, instead of turning into a justification obscurantism, obliviousness and shiftiness.
  • While Customs and traditions are generally effective for a society, they may also lead to obscurantism.
  • They can result in people accepting ideas or behaviors without questioning them or considering alternatives. Customs and traditions help societies function effectively by creating rules that promote safety and order.

The customs of any nation are the product of historical experience, custom, convention, and law. Neither the United States nor India  can avoid the past any more than either can disregard its present formative influence. Cultural values thus exert an inescapable influence on political judgments. We may not like such influence, but deny, reject, or discount it at our peril.

For latest Articles [Paper wise GS 1-4] and Solved papers join us @ https://t.me/UPSCexamNotes1

For solved

UPSC ESSAYS click here

GS Paper 1 click here


Gs Paper 2 click here

Gs paper 3 click here

GS paper 4 click here

Sociology click here

Entertainment click here

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: