What is Green washing- UPSC (Prelims and Mains Notes)

What is green washing ? Green washing is the deceptive act of implying that a product or business has environmental benefits when it really doesn’t. It’s deceiving not only to customers and potential customers, but also to employees, stakeholders and the public at large. The term was coined in 1986 by Jay Westerveld, the president … Read more

Rise of artificial intelligence: the threat of jobless future or better job opportunities through reskilling and upskilling-UPSC Essay 2019

The first industrial revolution used the energy of water and steam to mechanize production. The second is to use electrical energy for mass production. The third uses electronics and information technology to automate production. Today, the world is on the verge of the fourth industrial revolution, which will use artificial intelligence (AI) and big data analysis to make machines the master of the entire production process. The three industrial revolutions reduced job opportunities in the world and concentrated the wealth of the world in the hands of a few people. The fourth point will further accelerate this process and reduce the degree of financial inclusion. Many scientists worry that the Fourth Industrial Revolution will have a serious impact … Read more

Mindful manifesto is the catalyst to a tranquil self

The situation of labour in India remains abysmal and the role of the state remains an important factor. Since its inception the post-colonial state has been ambivalent towards its responsibilities towards labour. During colonial rule one finds evidence of a more interventionist state. After Independence, while India had passed a robust set of labour laws … Read more

Transparency: Definition and Overview

Transparency has been defined by the Second Administrative Reforms Commission as, the‘availability of information to the general public and clarity about functioning of governmentalinstitutions.’ Further, Vishwanath and Kaufmann (1999) have defined transparency as the “increased flowof timely and reliable information, which is accessible to all relevant stakeholders”. Thisperspective emphasizes not only the availability of information, … Read more

[Solved] Coastal sand mining, whether legal or illegal, poses one of the biggest threats to our environment. Analyze the impact of sand mining along the Indians coasts, citing specific examples.      (UPSC GS-3 Mains 2019) The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has released a report, Sand and Sustainability: Finding new solutions for environmental governance of global … Read more