Kadambini Ganguly UPSC Notes (prelims and Mains)

Kadambini Ganguly : Born in Calcutta on 18 July 1861, Kadambini was the daughter of Haradhan Rai Ganguly and Prabhabati devi. She completed her medical training at the Women’s Medical College of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, United States. At the age of only 27 she returned home to found the first modern hospital for women and … Read more

Swadeshi Movement UPSC Notes (prelims and Mains)

Swadeshi Movement Swadeshi Movement :The phase between 1885–1905 is known as the period of the moderates. In 1905 Lord Curzon, the then Governor general announced the partition of Bengal. The province of Bengal at that time comprised of the present states of West Bengal, Bihar and Jharkhand, Orissa and Assam. It also included the present … Read more

Hunter Commission Report 1882-Recommendations UPSC

The Hunter Education Commission was created in 1882 and was charged with establishing a uniform state system of game protection, and the 1909 legislation established the State Conservation Commission and provided for a State Game Department to administer the federal Weeks-McLean Act. It lead to the formation of  Indian Education Commission 1882 Indian Education Commission- … Read more

[Solved] Why are the tribals in India referred to as ‘the Scheduled Tribes’? Indicate the major provisions enshrined in the Constitution of India for their upliftment

[Solved] Why are the tribals in India referred to as ‘the Scheduled Tribes’? Indicate the major provisions enshrined in the Constitution of India for their upliftment Schedule Tribes are community of people who lived in tribal areas (mainly forest). They make up to 7-8% of Indian population. They have traditionally been marginalized and not in the … Read more

[Solved] “An essential condition to eradicate poverty is to liberate the poor from the process of deprivation.” Substantiate this statement with suitable examples.

[Solved] “An essential condition to eradicate poverty is to liberate the poor from the process of deprivation.” Substantiate this statement with suitable examples.   Poverty is pronounced deprivation in wellbeing. High poverty levels are synonymous with poor quality of life, deprivation, malnutrition, illiteracy and low human resource development. Economic growth is not the solution for … Read more

[Solved] To what extent globalization has influenced the core of cultural diversity in India? Explain

[Solved] To what extent globalization has influenced the core of cultural diversity in India? Explain Globalization in its basic economic sense refers to the adoption of open and unfettered trading markets (through lowering of trade barriers, removal of capital controls, and liberalization of  foreign exchange restrictions). There is also a significant movement of people from one country to … Read more

[Solved] The anti-colonial struggles in West Africa were led by the new elite of Western-educated Africans. Examine.

Independence movements in Africa often were led by individuals who had attended Western schools (either in Africa or abroad) [Solved] The anti-colonial struggles in West Africa were led by the new elite of Western-educated Africans. Examine. Independence movements in Africa often were led by individuals who had attended Western schools (either in Africa or abroad). … Read more

[Solved] Has the formation of linguistic States strengthened the cause of Indian Unity?

[Solved] Has the formation of linguistic States strengthened the cause of Indian Unity? Language is closely related to culture and therefore to the customs of people. Besides, the massive spread of education and growth of mass literacy can only occur through the medium of the mother tongue. Democracy can become real to the common people … Read more

[Solved] Highlight the difference in the approach of Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi in the struggle for freedom

[Solved] Highlight the difference in the approach of Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi in the struggle for freedom. Although Subhash Chandra was a follower of Gandhi during the initial days, the later part of the 1930s witnessed a growing radicalization of his thoughts and Bose became increasingly frustrated with the lack of momentum in … Read more

[Solved] Discuss the role of women in the freedom struggle especially during the Gandhian phase

[Solved] Discuss the role of women in the freedom struggle especially during the Gandhian phase Woman’s participation in India’s freedom struggle began as early as in 1817. Bhima Bai Holkarfought bravely against the British colonel Malcolm and defeated him in guerilla warfare. • The role of Rani of Ramgarh, Rani Lakshmi Bai, Tapasvini Maharani in … Read more