Begusarai wetland becomes Bihar’s first & India’s 39th site of international importance

Begusarai wetland turns into Bihar’s first & India’s 39th web site of worldwide significance

GS paper 1

NEW DELHI: Kabartal, a freshwater marsh in Begusarai district, has change into Bihar’s first wetland web site underneath Ramsar Conference — an inter-governmental world treaty to protect ecological character of chosen wetlands throughout the globe.
With this, India has now 39 Ramsar websites – highest in South Asia – amongst 2,412 such designated wetlands throughout the globe. These 39 wetlands of worldwide significance cowl a floor space of over 10,700 sq km, an space practically the dimensions of Sikkim and Goa put collectively.
“It (Kabartal) is a vital wetland of the Central Asian Flyway for the inhabitants of migratory birds & biodiversity,” tweeted Union surroundings Prakash Javadekar on Thursday, sharing data on designation of the wetland as Ramsar web site.
Underneath the Ramsar (Iran) Conference of 1971, the member nations establish the websites which might be of great worth not just for the nation or the nations wherein they’re situated, however for humanity as an entire for his or her eco-services and wealthy biodiversity.
The wetlands – land areas coated by water, both seasonally or completely – play a key position in flood management and as sources of water, meals, fibre and uncooked supplies. In addition to, such land areas additionally help migratory birds from colder areas of the world in summers. The wetlands additionally help mangroves that shield coastlines and filter pollution.
Kabartal wetland, also called Kanwar Jheel, covers about 26 sq. km of the Indo-Gangetic plains. The positioning is one in all 18 wetlands inside an intensive floodplain within the north Bihar. It will get flooded throughout the monsoon season to a depth of 1.5 metres.
“The wetland (Kabartal) is a vital stopover alongside the Central Asian Flyway, with 58 migratory waterbirds utilizing it to relaxation and refuel. It is usually a precious web site for fish biodiversity with over 50 species documented,” stated Ramsar Websites Info Service.
Kabartal has recorded vital biodiversity with 165 plant species and 394 animal species, together with 221 hen species. 5 critically endangered species, together with three vultures and two waterbirds, inhabit the location.
India’s distinguished wetlands that are coated underneath Ramsar Conference embody Chilika lake areas (Odisha), Wular lake (J&Ok), Nal Sarovar (Gujarat), Harika (Punjab), Renuka (Himachal Pradesh), Sambhar lake (Rajasthan), Deepor Beel (Assam), East Kolkata wetlands (West Bengal), Rudra Sagar (Tripura) and Bhoj wetland (Madhya Pradesh).
India’s house company, ISRO, had in 2011 come out with a nationwide wetlands atlas on the idea of satellite tv for pc picture, mapping over two lakh wetlands overlaying round 4.63% of the entire geographic space of the nation.

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