Assam Accord

[Assam Accord] : Clause 6 of the Assam Accord

GS paper 1

It had been signed in the presence of the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi at New Delhi on 15 August 1985.In February, a government-appointed committee had submitted its guidelines for execution of Clause 6 of the Assam Accord, a key provision that’s been contentious for decades.

The authorities made the report public lately. Wallpaper :The committee has been setup by the Home Ministry at 2019. Its short was to define the”Assamese people” and suggest steps for the safeguard of the faith.

What exactly does Clause 6 state?

Clause 6 of the Assam Accord, that was signed in 1985 following the Assam Agitation of 1979-85, envisages that appropriate”constitutional, administrative and legislative safeguards should be provided to safeguard, preserve and encourage the cultural, social, linguistic identity and heritage of the people of Assam.” This Clause was inserted to safeguard the socio-political rights and civilization of the”indigenous people of Assam”.

What is Assam Accord?

It was a Memorandum of Settlement (MoS) signed between representatives of the Government of India along with also the leaders of the Assam Movement at New Delhi on 15 August 1985.

For recognition as taxpayers, that the Accord places March 24, 1971 as the cutoff. Key recommendations made by the committee:

The committee has proposed that the following be considered Assamese people for the purpose of Clause 6:All citizens of India that are part of:Assamese community, living in the Territory of Assam before or on January 1, 1951; orAny native tribal community of Assam residing in the land of Assam on or before January 1, 1951;

or Any other native community of Assam residing in the territory of Assam on or before January 1, 1951; orAll other citizens of India residing in the land of Assam on or before January 1, 1951; andDescendants of the above categories.

Implications and impacts of those recommendations:

Clause 6 is meant to provide the Assamese people certain defenses, which would not be available to migrants between 1951 and 1971. If the recommendation is approved, people who migrated between 1951 and 1971 would be Indian citizens below the Assam Accord and NRC, but they would not be eligible for guards intended for”Assamese individuals”. Which are these guards?

80 to 100% booking in the parliamentary seats of Assam, Assembly seats and local body seats be reserved for its”Assamese people”.

80 to 100% of Group C and D level articles (in Assam) in central government/semi-central government/central PSUs/private industry 80 to 100% of occupations under Government of Assam and state government undertakings; and 70 to 100% of vacancies arising in private partnershipsLand rights, with limitations imposed on transferring property by any means to persons otherthan”Assamese individuals”. Several different recommendations deal with language, and cultural and social rights.

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